What is Spinal Fusion?
Spinal fusion is surgery performed by a surgeon to permanently join two or more vertebrae in your spine, removing motion between them.

Spinal fusion involves procedures created to simulate the normal rebuilding process of broken bones. During spinal fusion, your doctor places bone or a bonelike material within the space between two spinal vertebrae. To hold the vertebrae together, screws, rods and metal plates are used so that they can heal into one solid unit.

Things you need to know 

  • Spinal surgery is performed under the influence of anesthesia.
  • The procedure takes about 2 to 6 hours.
  • You will be required to stay in the hospital for about 3 to 4 days followed by a few more days of rest
  • Your average length of stay will be around three days to a week.

How Treat India helps you to find the best healthcare facility in India?
Treat India is India's most favoured company for patients arriving from overseas. With our unique and specialized medical treatment services followed by comprehensive care with your travel details, we have become the most sought-after medical tourism agency. Understanding the demand of the individuals across the world, we at Treat India come up to your doorstep with modern age medical treatments which are scientific, technology-based, cost-effective, reliable and secure in nature. Our mission is to establish the strongest bonds ensuring the wellbeing and quality of life cutting across all the age groups of people in the world.

We provide you with access to the top neurosurgeons specializing in a spinal fusion to give you a hassle-free experience and help you make an informed decision, ensuring the right optimization of your time and finances.

Connect with us to know more about your treatment and how we plan your medical journey with our experts.

How to prepare for the treatment?

  • Your healthcare provider will discuss the entire procedure with you.
  • The doctor will analyze your complete medical history by performing a complete physical exam, blood tests, or other diagnostic tests.
  • If you are allergic or sensitive to any medicines such as iodine, latex, tape, or anaesthetic agents, tell the healthcare provider.
  • Also, tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines, supplements that you may be taking.
  • Avoid smoking
  • You will have to arrange for someone to take you back home.

Procedure involved
The procedure following procedure is generally performed:

  • You will have to change into a hospital gown and empty your bladder before the operation.
  • Your heart and blood pressure status will be checked, and a healthcare professional will start an intravenous (IV) line in your arm, and anaesthesia will be given.
  • Your surgeon will generate the bone graft that will be utilized to integrate the two vertebrae. 
  • If your own bone is being implemented, a cut above the pelvic bone will be made by your surgeon and a minor section will be taken out.
  • Synthetic bone or an allograft, which is a bone formed in bone bank can likewise be used as bone graft.
  • Depending on the bone fusion location, your surgeon will establish an incision for placement of the bone.
  • If you have a cervical fusion, your surgeon will generally make a minor incision in the horizontal fold of your neck's front to uncover the cervical spine.
  • The bone graft will be fixed between the concerned vertebrae to join them. Occasionally, the graft material is embedded between the vertebrae in certain places. Some procedures place the graft over the backward part of the spine.
  • Once the bone graft is placed, your surgeon may use screws, plates, and rods to operate the spine from moving. This is referred to as internal fixation.
  • The plates, screws, and rods' added strength and balance help the spine heal quickly and with a better rate of success.

What to expect after the treatment?

  • After the surgery, you will have to stay in the hospital for observation and recovery. This generally lasts for three to four days.
  • The surgeon will review your restrictions and guidelines for recovery with you.
  • During this stay, you will be shifted to oral pain medications and may start light physical therapy, if warranted.
  • The doctor will instruct you on how to move since your flexibility is limited.
  • After some days, you could resume a regular diet of solid food.
  • After you leave the hospital, the doctor may instruct you to wear a brace to keep your spine correctly aligned.
  • The period will be six weeks or longer for complete recovery until your body has fused the bone into place.
  • To help you strengthen your back and learn ways to move safely, the doctor may recommend physical rehabilitation.

Potential risks that you need to know about:
Some potential complications associated with spinal fusion surgery include:

  • Infection
  • Poor wound healing
  • Bleeding
  • Blood clots
  • Injury to nerves or blood tissues surrounding the spine
  • Pain at the area from where the bone graft is taken
     

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