What is scoliosis? 
Scoliosis is an orthopaedic condition marked by an abnormal sideways curvature in the spine. It may be triggered by an underlying condition such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy and affects nearly 3 per cent of the adolescent population. In the majority of conditions, the deformity is mild at first and continues to aggravate with time. In severe cases, it can even lead to chronic disability and even interfere with the normal functioning of the lungs. Some symptoms associated with scoliosis include uneven shoulders and waist

Some children with scoliosis will be required to wear a brace so as to prevent any further progression of the deformity. Surgery is usually the last resort of treatment and recommended only when other treatment options fail to work. The surgery usually has 3 goals:

  • Curb the progression of the deformity and prevent it from getting worse
  • Alleviate the adversity of the deformity by correcting and straightening the curves
  • Preserve the trunk balance by maintaining the spine's natural curve.

Things you need to know 

  • The time taken for the surgery depends upon the type of surgery which is decided after proper evaluation and assessment
  • The time taken for recovery and the average length of stay also vary depending upon the same.

How Treat India helps you to find the best healthcare facility in India? 

  • Over the last few years, India has become one of the leading hubs for medical tourism, attracting a countless number of patients from across borders and seas. With hundreds and thousands of options to choose from, it becomes rather difficult to make your decision. With a curated list of around 101 Hospitals & Clinics and 95 doctors & surgeons, Treat India is your ultimate guide to finding quality treatment in India.
  • We provide you with access to the top doctors and surgeons specializing in Scoliosis Surgery, to help you make an informed decision and ensure the right optimization of your time and finances.
  • Connect with us to know more about your treatment and how we plan your medical journey with our experts.  

How to prepare for the treatment? 

  • You will be required to undergo certain tests for detailed assessment and evaluation
  • You need to inform your doctor about any medications that you have been taking
  • You need to discuss your medical history with your doctors
  • You will be required to take certain medicines to help you prepare for the procedure
  • You will be required to fast, starting 12 hours prior to the surgery

Procedure involved

  • The surgical procedure is carried out under the influence of anaesthesia.
  • During spinal fusion, the surgeon will make an incision in your neck, back (directly above the spine) or abdomen, to access the spine.
  • A bone graft taken from a bone bank or your own body will be used to fuse the vertebrae together
  • The bone graft will be placed between two spines and fixed with the help of metal plates, screws and rods.
  • Once the procedure is complete, the incision will be closed and covered.
  • Growing systems may be used to delay spinal fusion. It involves the use of special rods that are anchored to the spine. The child needs to undergo a revision surgery every 6 to 12 months, so as to increase the length of the rod. Once your spine is close enough to the natural alignment, spinal fusion will be performed. The procedure is usually recommended for patients who are too young to undergo spinal fusion.

What to expect after the procedure? 

  • You will be required to stay in the hospital for 2 to 3 days during which your overall health will be monitored.
  • You are likely to experience slight pain and discomfort after the surgery which is quite normal and can be taken care of with the help of simple medication.
  • It may take up to several months to heal completely during which you have to be in constant touch with your doctor
  • You need to avoid indulging and rigorous activities and lifting heavy objects
  • You need to take all the prescribed medication religiously

Potential risks you need to know about

  • Bleeding
  • Pain
  • Recurring symptoms
     

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