What is Heart Double Valve Replacement?

Heart valve replacement is a surgical procedure that involves the replacement of a damaged or diseased heart valve with a new mechanical or biological valve, so as to restore the normal circulation of blood. Our heart has 4 valves, all of which carry out crucial functions. These are:

  • Aortic valve
  • Mitral valve
  • Pulmonary valve
  • Tricuspid valve

A dysfunctional valve can result in the reverse flow of blood, which can give rise to severe chest pain and even lead to heart failure. Usually, one of the valves is replaced at a time, however, the procedure can be done for more than one valve in a single go.

Double valve replacement is a type of valve replacement surgery in which both mitral valve, as well as the aortic valve are replaced simultaneously. In some cases, the entire left side of the heart might be replaced. The surgery is not as common as other heart valve replacement surgeries and requires immense specialization.

The procedure is performed by directly accessing the heart valves via median full-length sternotomy.

The biological heart valve used during the procedure is usually made up of living tissue taken from a cow or pig. These might also be taken from a healthy donor. The latter is known as a homograft. A biological valve can last for as long as 15 years and is usually recommended to elderlies lying in the age group of 60 to 65 years.

Things you need to know

  • The procedural time is slightly longer than that taken for single valve replacement
  • You will be kept under keen observation in the intensive care unit for 1 to 3 days
  • You will be hospitalized for about 1 week

How Health Orioles helps you to find the best healthcare facility in India? 
Over the last few years, India has become one of the leading hubs for medical tourism, attracting a countless number of patients from across borders and seas. With hundreds and thousands of options to choose from, it becomes rather difficult to make your decision. With a curated list of around 101 Hospitals & Clinics and 95 doctors & surgeons, Health Orioles is your ultimate guide to finding quality treatment in India.

We provide you with access to the top doctors and surgeons specializing in Heart Double Valve Replacement, to help you make an informed decision and ensure the right optimization of your time and finances.

Connect with us to know more about your treatment and how we plan your medical journey with our experts.  

How to prepare for the treatment? 

  • You will be required to undergo some screenings and tests for detailed evaluation and assessment
  • You need to make sure that your doctor knows all about your medical history
  • You need to inform your doctor about any medications and supplements that you have been taking
  • You will be required to take certain prescribed medications to help prepare your body and negate the risks of infection during or post-surgery
  • You need to refrain for eating or drinking anything, starting 12 hours prior to the surgery

Procedure involved

  • The procedure is carried out under the influence of general anaesthesia
  • It involves median sternotomy, in which the surgeon makes a long incision and temporarily removes the bones to directly access the heart
  • Throughout the procedure, the patient is connected to a heart-lung bypass machine. This helps to ensure undisrupted blood circulation in the patient's body.
  • The surgeons will carefully extract the dysfunctional mitral and aortic valves, one at a time, and place the biological valve in its place.
  • All the connections will be re-established and the doctors will turn off the heart-lung bypass machine to check whether the patient’s heart is functioning well
  • After proper assessment, and making sure that the valves are working normally
  • The surgical site will be closed and covered
  • What to expect after the procedure? 
  • You are likely to experience slight pain and discomfort after the surgery, which is quite normal and can be easily taken care of with the help of prescribed medication
  • You need to strictly refrain from smoking and drinking as these hinder the healing process
  • You need to avoid indulging in rigorous physical activities for a couple of months
  • You need to make healthy lifestyle and dietary modifications
  • You need to stay in constant touch with your doctors and keep them updated about your recovery
  • Potential risks 
  • Bleeding
  • Clothing
  • Arrhythmia
     

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